10 Aug 2013

Racket v5.3.6

posted by Eli Barzilay

Racket version 5.3.6 is now available from http://racket-lang.org/ Racket v5.3.6 is a bug-fix release. It eliminates errors from v5.3.5 that people have found over the summer.

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31 Jul 2013

RacketCon 2013 Signup

posted by Asumu Takikawa

RacketCon sign up is now open! http://bit.ly/racketconsignup2013

RacketCon will be held at Northeastern University in Boston on September 29. The details of the event can be found on the website: http://con.racket-lang.org

We also have a page on Lanyrd for the event: http://lanyrd.com/2013/racketcon/

More information about the schedule will be posted in the upcoming weeks.

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18 Jun 2013

Racket v5.3.5

posted by Eli Barzilay

Racket version 5.3.5 is now available from http://racket-lang.org/ This is a special-purpose release to match the arrival of “Realm of Racket” in bookstores. Racket v5.3.5 adds a single realm collection to the v5.3.4 release. The new collection contains the source code that readers of Realm may wish to use for experiments.

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29 May 2013

Marketplace: A language for network-aware programming

posted by Sam Tobin-Hochstadt

We are happy to announce the release of Marketplace, a new programming language for building functional network programs. Marketplace combines two fundamental ideas in a new way: nested virtual machines and publish/subscribe messaging. Nesting allows programs to isolate processes and to delimit conversations. While publish/subscribe generalizes point-to-point and broadcast messaging, it smoothly turns the appearance and disappearance of participants and resources into presence and absence messages. Such messages make it particularly easy to start and stop services and to manage resources based on demand.

Here is a simple TCP echo server written in Marketplace: 

#lang marketplace

(endpoint #:subscriber (tcp-channel ? (tcp-listener 5999) ?)
          #:conversation (tcp-channel from to _)
          #:on-presence (spawn #:child (echoer from to)))

;; echoer: TcpAddress TcpAddress -> Transition
(define (echoer from to)
  (transition stateless
    (endpoint #:subscriber (tcp-channel from to ?)
              #:on-absence (quit)
              [(tcp-channel _ _ data)
               (send-message (tcp-channel to from data))])))

The initial endpoint subscribes to TCP messages on port 5999. When a conversational partner appears, the endpoint spawns a new process that runs an echoer process. The latter is stateless and subscribes to TCP messages. When it gets messages with payload data, it sends them back out with the opposite addressing; when the TCP conversation disappears, it quits.

Thus far, we have built several real systems using Marketplace: a DNS server, a DNS proxy, and an SSH server.

The DNS proxy has handled DNS traffic for ourselves and other members of our lab for the last several months.

You can read an overview along with detailed documentation for Marketplace at http://tonyg.github.io/marketplace/.

To get the sources for Marketplace as well as the applications point your browser to https://github.com/tonyg/marketplace.

Enjoy!

Tony Garnock-Jones

Sam Tobin-Hochstadt

Matthias Felleisen

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08 May 2013

Racket v5.3.4

posted by Eli Barzilay

Racket version 5.3.4 is now available from http://racket-lang.org/

  • Extflonums (80-bit floating-point numbers) are supported on some x86/x86_64 platforms — including Windows, and including platforms where Racket is compiled to use SSE instructions for flonum arithmetic. Thanks to Michael Filonenko.

  • OS X: DrRacket and all of the other apps are now signed with an official key.

  • Tally Maze: a new game based an enumeration of 2d mazes.

  • The Optimization Coach, a DrRacket plugin, has been moved from the Racket distribution to the Racket package repository. Install it with: raco pkg install optimization-coach.

  • Redex: define-union-language now merges productions when languages define the same nonterminals. Thanks to William Bowman.

  • The srfi/19 library is now compatible with the date structure type exported by racket/base.

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08 May 2013

RacketCon 2013

posted by Asumu Takikawa

We are pleased to announce that (thirdRacketCon) will take place on September 29, 2013 at Northeastern University in Boston. This year, we plan to bring in several speakers from industry, as well as host talks from Racket developers and users.

Lunch will be provided.

On the Saturday (28th) before RacketCon, we plan to hold a hackathon to work on various Racket projects.

Registration will open during the summer, and we will post a detailed schedule of events around the same time. The conference website is at

http://con.racket-lang.org/

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25 Mar 2013

200!

posted by Asumu Takikawa

About a month ago, inspired by a mailing list post by Tim Brown, Racketeers started to write more solutions to Rosetta Code tasks for Racket. Just today, we’ve reached 200 entries in the Racket category!

This is a nice milestone, but we still have a ways to go. At 200 entries, Racket comes in at around 54th in the popularity rankings. So if you’re looking to practice your Racketeering skills, don’t hesitate to work on some of the remaining tasks.

To give you a taste of the kinds of solutions we have so far, here are some examples.

Mandelbrot:

(define (iterations a z i)
  (define z′ (+ (* z z) a))
  (if (or (= i 255) (> (magnitude z′) 2))
      i
      (iterations a z′ (add1 i))))

(define (iter->color i)
  (if (= i 255)
      (make-object color% "black")
      (make-object color% 
        (* 5 (modulo i 15)) (* 32 (modulo i 7)) 
          (* 8 (modulo i 31)))))

(define (mandelbrot width height)
  (define target (make-screen-bitmap width height))
  (define dc (new bitmap-dc% [bitmap target]))
  (for* ([x width] [y height])
    (define real-x (- (* 3.0 (/ x width)) 2.25))
    (define real-y (- (* 2.5 (/ y height)) 1.25))
    (send dc set-pen 
      (iter->color 
        (iterations 
          (make-rectangular real-x real-y) 0 0)) 1 'solid)
    (send dc draw-point x y))
  target)

> (mandelbrot300200)

Yin and Yang:

(define (yin-yang d)
  (define base
    (hc-append (inset/clip (circle d) 0 0 (- (/ d 2)) 0)
               (inset/clip (disk d) (- (/ d 2)) 0 0 0)))
  (define with-top
    (ct-superimpose
     base
     (cc-superimpose (colorize (disk (/ d 2)) "white")
                     (disk (/ d 8)))))
  (define with-bottom
    (cb-superimpose
     with-top
     (cc-superimpose (disk (/ d 2))
                     (colorize (disk (/ d 8)) "white"))))
  (cc-superimpose with-bottom (circle d)))


> (yin-yang 200)

Animate a pendulum:

#lang racket

(require 2htdp/image
         2htdp/universe)

(define (pendulum)
  (define (accel θ) (- (sin θ)))
  (define θ (/ pi 2.5))
  (define θ′ 0)
  (define θ′′ (accel (/ pi 2.5)))
  (define (x θ) (+ 200 (* 150 (sin θ))))
  (define (y θ) (* 150 (cos θ)))
  (λ (n)
    (define p-image 
      (underlay/xy 
        (add-line 
          (empty-scene 400 200) 200 0 (x θ) (y θ) "black")
            (- (x θ) 5) (- (y θ) 5) 
              (circle 5 "solid" "blue")))
    (set! θ (+ θ (* θ′ 0.04)))
    (set! θ′ (+ θ′ (* (accel θ) 0.04)))
    p-image))

(animate (pendulum))


Jensen's Device:

```racket
#lang algol60
begin
   integer i;
   real procedure sum (i, lo, hi, term);
      value lo, hi;
      integer i, lo, hi;
      real term;
      comment term is passed by-name, and so is i;
   begin
      real temp;
      temp := 0;
      for i := lo step 1 until hi do
         temp := temp + term;
      sum := temp
   end;
   comment note the correspondence between 
   the mathematical notation and the call to sum;
   printnln (sum (i, 1, 100, 1/i))
end

Thanks to all of the people who have contributed solutions so far!

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15 Feb 2013

Racket v5.3.3

posted by Eli Barzilay

Racket version 5.3.3 is now available from http://racket-lang.org/

This is a bug-fix release to address a flaw in DrRacket v5.3.2 concerning interactions between the contour window and the syntax coloring.

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31 Jan 2013

Racket v5.3.2

posted by Eli Barzilay

Racket version 5.3.2 is now available from http://racket-lang.org/ Core Libraries::

  • The new math library provides functions and data structures for working with numbers and collections of numbers. Functions include non-elementary (such as gamma, zeta, Lambert’s W), number-theoretic (factorization, modular arithmetic), linear algebra (arithmetic, decompositions), and statistical (expected values, order statistics, binning). Data structures include arbitrary-precision bigfloats, probability distributions, and multidimensional arrays.

  • The new file/untar, file/untgz, and file/unzip libraries support unpacking widely used archive formats.

  • The new lazy-require form allows programs to delay the loading and instantiation of helper modules until they are needed.

  • The new data/bit-vector library provides an implementation of bit vectors (a mutable sequence of booleans) supporting popcount.

  • The racket/generic library allows the specification of default method implementations for core datatypes.

  • The openssl library can verify hostnames and use the operating system’s certificate store to verify certificates.

Package System::

  • A new package system is in beta release. This system will become Planet’s successor. It differs significantly from the latter. For details, please read the documentation at http://docs.racket-lang.org/planet2/ and list your packages on the new index at https://pkg.racket-lang.org/.

  • The raco test command supports testing by collection and package, in addition to by directory and file, with the -c and -p options.

Teaching Libraries::

  • batch-io: the read and write functions work on Unix-style standard input and output.

DrRacket::

  • DrRacket’s GUI is more responsive.

  • The automatic parenthesis insertion mode is improved.

Scribble::

  • Scribble renders Markdown format files via the --markdown command-line flag. Example use case: Generate documentation hosted on GitHub or BitBucket.

  • Documentation cross-reference information is stored in an SQLite3 database, which means that SQLite3 is required for building Racket documentation on Unix/Linux machines (but SQLite3 is included in Racket distributions for Windows and Mac OS X).

Using a database for cross-reference information significantly reduces the initial footprint of DrRacket, since DrRacket no longer needs to load all cross-reference information.

Typed Racket::

  • Typed Racket programs can require plot/typed to draw plots. List- and vector-accepting functions accept general sequences.

  • Typed Racket supports Racket’s delimited continuation and continuation mark operators.

Redex::

  • Added more support for define-judgment-form, including random generation for well-formed judgments and visualization of judgments.

Deprecation:: The following have been removed in this release:

  • the planet command-line tool; use raco planet instead.

The following has been deprecated and will be removed in the August 2013 release:

  • the mzlib/class100 library; use racket/class instead.
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22 Dec 2012

Simple Test Coverage: A Macro with Line Numbers and Lifting

posted by Robby Findler

Racket’s macro system makes it easy to roll your own low-tech line coverage tool. In this post, I’ll show how, in 15 lines of code, you can implement a simple test-coverage tool. Using this code is simple: put (line-of-interest) on each line that should be covered.

To start the implementation, we put the code in a module and define two sets:

#lang racket
(define candidate-lines (set))
(define touched-lines (set))

The first set holds the line numbers where (line-of-interest) is written in the source and the second holds the set of line numbers where (line-of-interest) has been executed.

Each use of (line-of-interest) is going to expand into a call to visited with the line number for the source location of that use of (line-of-interest).

(define (visited line)
  (unless (set-member? touched-lines line)
    (set! touched-lines (set-add touched-lines line))
    (displayln
     (sort (set->list
            (set-subtract candidate-lines touched-lines))
           <))))

This function simply checks to see if this line has been executed before and, if not, removes that line number from touched-lines and prints out the current status.

The interesting part of this code is in the definition of line-of-interest itself:

(define-syntax (line-of-interest stx)
  (with-syntax ([line (syntax-line stx)])
    (syntax-local-lift-expression
     #'(set! candidate-lines (set-add candidate-lines line)))
    #'(visited line)))

The macro first extracts the line number from stx, which gives the source location for the use of (line-of-interest). This number is then bound to line for use in building later syntax objects. Then the macro calls syntax-local-lift-expression with a syntax object that updates candidate-lines. Expressions passed to syntax-local-lift-expression are lifted to the top-level of the enclosing module making sure that, in this case, each line number is added exactly once without having to execute the code where (line-of-interest) appears. The macro then discards the result of syntax-local-lift-expression and returns a call to the visited function. That’s all there is to it!

I originally used this macro to test some changes to DrRacket. I was working on a set of complex GUI interactions and kept losing track of which ones had been tested and which ones hadn’t. Here’s a simpler program in the same spirit so you can try it out.

#lang racket/gui
(define candidate-lines (set))
(define touched-lines (set))
(define (visited line)
  (unless (set-member? touched-lines line)
    (set! touched-lines (set-add touched-lines line))
    (displayln
     (sort (set->list
            (set-subtract candidate-lines touched-lines))
           <))))
(define-syntax (line-of-interest stx)
  (with-syntax ([line (syntax-line stx)])
    (syntax-local-lift-expression
     #'(set! candidate-lines (set-add candidate-lines line)))
    #'(visited line)))

(define f (new frame% [label ""]))

(define b1 (new button%
                [label "1"]
                [parent f]
                [callback
                 (λ (a b)
                   (case (random 3)
                     [(0)
                      (line-of-interest)
                      (send b1 set-label "one")]
                     [(1)
                      (line-of-interest)
                      (send b1 set-label "uno")]
                     [(2)
                      (line-of-interest)
                      (send b1 set-label "一")]))]))

(define b2 (new button%
                [label "2"]
                [parent f]
                [callback
                 (λ (a b)
                   (case (random 3)
                     [(0)
                      (line-of-interest)
                      (send b2 set-label "two")]
                     [(1)
                      (line-of-interest)
                      (send b2 set-label "dos")]
                     [(2)
                      (line-of-interest)
                      (send b2 set-label "二")]))]))
(send f show #t)
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